[Huangqin Qingre Chubi Capsules in improving oxidative stress of patients with ankylosing spondylitis via activating PPARγ mediated AMPK/FOXO3a pathway].
Huangqin Qingre Chubi Capsule activates PPARγ-mediated AMPK / FOXO3a signaling pathway to improve oxidative stress in patients with ankylosing spondylitis
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2020 Jan;45(2):451-456
Authors: Huang D, Liu J, Zong RK, Wan L
To investigate the efficacy of Huangqin Qingre Chubi Capsules(HQC) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis(AS) and its effect on oxidative stress, and to explore its possible mechanism. Fifty-eight cases of AS patients were randomly divided into HQC group and salazosulfapyridine(SASP) group. Another 30 healthy people were employed as a control group. Superoxide dismutase(SOD), total antioxidant capacity(TAOC), malondialdehyde(MDA), lipid peroxidatio(LPO), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), IL-10, IL-4, and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) were detected by ELISA. The mRNA expression levels of AMP-activated protein kinase(AMPK-α), forkhead box O3a(FOXO3a), manganese superoxide dismutase(MnSOD), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma(PPARγ) were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(RT-qPCR). The protein expression levels of AMPK-α, FOXO3a, p-FOXO3a, MnSOD, and PPARγ were detected by Western blot. A questionnaire was used to evaluate the disease activity score and observe the clinical efficacy of HQC in AS patients. The levels of MDA, LPO, TNF-α, and IL-1β were significantly increased in the peripheral blood of AS patients, and SOD, TAOC, IL-4, IL-10 levels were significantly decreased. After HQC treatment, scores of disease active indexes were all decreased, and its clinical efficacy was significantly higher than that in SASP group. After HQC treatment, TAOC, SOD, IL-4, IL-10 were increased and MDA, LPO, TNF-α, IL-1β were decreased; mRNA levels of AMPK-α, FOXO3a, MnSOD, PPARγ and protein levels of AMPK-α, FOXO3a, p-FOXO3a, MnSOD, PPARγ were increased(P<0.01 or P<0.05). HQC can effectively improve the clinical symptoms and oxidative stress of AS patients, and its mechanism may be related to activating PPARγ and up-regulating AMPK/FOXO3a signal pathway.
PMID: 32237331 [PubMed – in process]
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